Useful Utility: whereis
Whereis is an older utility- it’s functionality shows us of a time when a program not only had a man page, but also stored the source on the machine in question. That’s becoming more rare as programs like firefox come into play- firefox, for example, has no man page and doesn’t install the source (due to size issues).
Whereis locates the binary, man page and source of a given command on the current machine.
$ whereis ls ls: /bin/ls /usr/bin/ls /usr/X11R6/bin/ls /usr/bin/X11/ls /usr/share/man/man1/ls.1.gz /usr/share/man/man1p/ls.1p.gz $ ls -l /bin/ls /usr/bin/ls \ /usr/X11R6/bin/ls /usr/bin/X11/ls /usr/share/man/man1/ls.1.gz \ /usr/share/man/man1p/ls.1p.gz -rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 70708 Jan 24 15:53 /bin/ls lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 7 Jan 24 15:53 /usr/X11R6/bin/ls -> /bin/ls lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 7 Jan 24 15:53 /usr/bin/X11/ls -> /bin/ls lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 7 Jan 24 15:53 /usr/bin/ls -> /bin/ls -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 6403 Mar 6 10:52 /usr/share/man/man1/ls.1.gz -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 8070 Mar 6 10:52 /usr/share/man/man1p/ls.1p.gz
The flags are a little boring- you can limit your searches to binaries (-b), source (-s) or manuals (-m).
Something I found interesting is the capitalized versions of those flags states to only check the directories immediately listed after, but only when the last directory is followed by a -f flag.
$ whereis -m -M /usr/share/man/man1/ -f ls ls: /usr/share/man/man1//ls.1.gz
I’ve never seen anything like this before- a space-delimited option with a flag terminator. I’m sure other examples exist, I just can’t think of any. Normally you’d just use commas as seperators and follow it with a whitespace to terminate. The man page also states that due to an specific function it uses(chdir), make sure you use full, not relative paths.
Honestly I was hoping whereis would have a little more meat to it. This is probably one of the more useless programs I’ve written about.